புத்தகங்களை டவுன்லோட் செய்வது, வேறு வழிகளில் காப்பி செய்வது, சமூக தளங்களில் பகிர்வது அனுமதிக்கப்படவில்லை. மீறினால் Copyright Act 1957படி நடவடிக்கை மேற்கொள்ளப்படும்.

THE CREATION OF THE WORLD IN GENERAL

"In the beginning, God created heaven and earth" (Gen.1:1).

These words just quoted, my friends, are the opening words of the Book of Genesis, the first book of the Bible. They confirm our belief expressed in the closing phrase of the first article of the Creed, namely, "I believe in God, the Creator of heaven and earth." These few words, "In the beginning God created heaven and earth," seem very simple, intelligible words, indeed. They briefly and clearly indicate to us whence we have our being, whence everything about us had its beginning. And yet, surprising though it may seem, in spite of the simplicity of these words there are numerous people who deny or misconstrue their meaning. We therefore, must devote a little time to defense of our belief in God, the Creator of the world and all things. This we propose to do today.

(O Jesus, assist us with Thy grace!)

Theory of Evolution.--In many of our educational institutions of so called higher learning, there are various strange doctrines propounded. Many well-meaning parents are often sorrowfully ignorant of the subtle principles of infidelity that are frequently instilled into the hearts and minds of some of their innocent and unsuspecting sons and daughters in educational institutions. In very many of the universities, we find professors of biology and kindred branches of science, who pose as the master minds of a new age. Instead of acknowledging God as the Creator of heaven and earth, they teach the atheistic doctrine of complete evolution. Biology, progressive evolution, and kindred terms, are indeed high-sounding words to parents who never had the opportunity to study these branches. But many a child has returned home from some classrooms with his faith undermined. Denying the very existence of a God, these professors attempt to explain the beginning of all things from natural causes. Or, as Father Faber ("Creator and creature") expresses it: "They speak of creation, investigate creation, draw inferences from creation, without so much as brushing against a personal or living Creator even in their imagination. Creator is to them simply a masculine form of a neuter noun creation, and they have a kind of instinct against using it, which they have probably never perceived, or never taken the trouble to explain to themselves."

Here, in brief, is their theory. There was a time, many millions of years ago, when all the world was one molten mass, or some ethereal substance. This substance revolved and revolved in space until certain particles adhered to each other and formed the sphere we call the earth. In the course of thousands of years the earth grew larger and larger by gathering new substances. Gradually the earth cooled. By degrees a crust was formed on the earth's surface with valleys and ridges. The water gathered in the valleys and formed the rivers, lakes and oceans. Many more bodies were formed in the heavens as the skies cleared, leaving the sun, moon, stars and other planets visible. Somehow, after other thousands of years, the earth began to produce plant life. Creatures of the lower strata gave evidence of life. There were, for example, the little tadpoles in the water; they floated around in the waters until eventually they began to grow legs. Then they developed into frogs. Later these frogs crawled out upon dry land, and through the centuries developed into other forms of animal life. Through as similar stage of progression, the monkey was formed. And in course of time, from the ape evolved man. Man, in the beginning was wild, much like the animal. Then, whether by accident or through gradual development, man stood upright and acquired the gift of speech. After many more centuries, man gradually evolved still further, acquiring more culture and refinement until the present civilized race came into being.

A witty Irish priest was riding in a train one day when a vociferous gentleman was propounding his evolutionary theory to the other passengers. he had attracted every one's attention, when abruptly, the man turned to the priest and said:

"Well, from your cloth, I presume you are a minister of the Gospel. What do you think of my advanced theory of the origin of the world and all living things?"

"I don't think very much of it" said the priest.

"So," retorted the evolutionist, ""you are still one of those who holds fast to the old doctrine of the six days of creation."

All passengers keyed their ears for the reply. The priest answered. "Yes. I do. And down in your heart, do you really believe that your ancestors were monkeys?"

"Yes. I do," replied the professor.

"Well," continued the priest, "then you continue to boost your ancestors and I will boost mine. But I do not believe my ancestors were monkeys."

Everyone laughed and the professor held his peace.

Yes, my friends, such a doctrine seems laughable to us, and almost ridiculous. In truth, though, it is more sad than amusing. For to deny God's hand in the work of creation would cast our entire life and everything around us into a deeper shroud of mystery. Their doctrine neither solves for us the questions whence we are and where we are going, because the evolutionist, like the atheist,  does not believe in a future life. But for the believing Christian, the enigma of life is solved by these simple words in Holy Writ: "God created heaven and earth and all things" (Gen.1:1).

Correct Answer Important.--The correct answer to the question of the origin of the world, and more particularly of man himself, is of the highest importance. It is, indeed, one of the few fundamental questions, the correct or wrong view of which will determine the true or false outlook upon the whole of life. Many other fundamental truths of our Christian religion, as we shall directly see, are based upon the fact that God is the Creator  and Preserver of all things. The foundation for our belief in a Creator is based upon reason supplemented by the revealed word of God. Let us see.

Reason tells me that there can be no effect without a cause. Nothing can come from nothing. No man has ever lived that could make one single thing out of nothing. Man needs hammer, chisel, saw, pick or shovel, and material to work with. But reason tells me that there was a time when none of these, not even man, existed. The world itself, as evolutionists admit, did not always exist. The history of nations dates back only a few thousand years at most. The arts and the objects considered necessary for life are being improved upon, while other new discoveries are made daily. The discovery of new lands, new secrets of nature, all point to the fact that their origin is not of such a very remote date.  From my own acquired knowledge and discoveries reason tells me that there was a time when there were neither sun, moon, nor stars; a time when there were neither plants nor animals, neither day nor night, neither light nor darkness, neither sea nor earth, nor the  heavens; a time, finally, when some being or power greater than all these gave them their first beginnings, their first impetus. And not only that, reason likewise tells me that this same power must sustain these creatures in existence.

But who could create the world? Who is so powerful as to call beings out of nothing? That creatures could draw themselves out of nothing, as the evolutionists would make us believe, is too ridiculous even to consider. The order of four season of the year, the regularity of day and night, the innate powers of every creature to perpetuate itself in its kind, and a thousand other considerations force me to believe that all this could not come by mere chance. Therefore, it is our conviction that God, and God alone, by His almighty power could do all this. This is what we profess to believe when we declare in the first article of the Creed: "I believe in God the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth."

Bible Confirms Reason.--But how it all was done, our reason fails to answer convincingly And when human reason grows faint in the dim distant past, God's revealed word comes to our aid. Holy Scripture tells us that God accomplished the work of creation by one  single word: "He spoke and they were made" (Ps.32:9). There were no laborers, no artisans, no tools, no helpers, because they were not yet in existence. God's all powerful word, His eternal 'fiat', supplied all these.  And His word is nothing else but His omnipotent will.

It is Moses who relates in detail the beautiful history of the creation. At the command of God, Moses relates the story as follows: In the beginning God created heaven, and earth. The earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.  And God said: Be light made. And light was made. And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness. And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night. This was the first day. And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so. And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day. God also said: "Let the waters that are under the heavens be gathered together into one place; and let the dry land appear. And it was so done. And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, He called seas. And God said: "Let the earth bring forth the green herb. and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth." The earth became beautiful as in the springtime. That was the third day. And God said:  "Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night. And let them be for signs, and for the seasons, and for days and night. And let them be for signs and for the seasons, and for years. Immediately the sun came forth to rule the day; and the moon and the stars to illumine the night. That was the fourth day of creation. And God said, "Let the waters bring forth the creeping creatures having life, and the fowl that they may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven." At once were made fishes and birds of every kind. That was the fifth day of creation. And God said: "Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind; cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth according to their kinds." Then pausing, God said: "Let Us make man to Our own image and likeness! He shall rule over the fishes of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the animals , and over the whole earth." And God created man according to His own image. He formed him from the dust of the earth and breathed the breath of life into his face. Thus man was made into a living being, and God called him Adam, which means, the father of all the living. That was the sixth day of creation. On the seventh day, God rested, blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it. Here we have the brief, but beautiful story how the world and its creatures came into being.

The one important fact to be remembered from the story of creation is this: God the Creator brought the entire substance of things into existence from a state of non-existence. We concede that from this inherent created substance creatures can and often do evolve into a higher stage of perfection. But this is quality, not quantity; accidental, not substantial. As to the time or days God took to accomplish the work of creation, the Catholic and Christian is given a wide latitude. We need not hold that the six days of creation were necessarily days of twenty four hours each. The probability is that they were not. During the first three days, the sun was not yet in the heavens. Secondly, the Hebrew expression, "iom," which is translated by our word "day," may also signify any space, division, or portion of time. Hence, we would not be in error, should we interpret the "six days" to mean "six extended periods." In other words, there can be no conflict between true science and revealed truth here.

Thus the Biblical Commission declared in 1909: "Since it was not the intention of the sacred writer to teach the inmost constitution of visible things, or the complete order of creation, in a scientific manner, but rather to give to his countrymen a popular notion, conformable to the ordinary language of those times, and adapted to their opinions and intelligence, we must not always and regularly look for scientific exactitude of language when interpreting this chapter."

St. Thomas had drawn a very beautiful distinction between the creation and partition of the world, and the embellishing of creation. First, the earth being formed, God divided light from darkness on the first day.  On the second day, He divided the water from the firmament. The third day, the land from the sea. Light--Air--Earth. Secondly on the fourth day, the sun, moon and stars were added to the domain of light. On the fifth day the air was peopled with birds, the sea with fish. On the sixth day the earth was filled with beasts. And finally, man was called into being.

Regarding the message of the Old Testament Father Faber writes: "Whether it is when Adam and Eve are doing penance in Asia, and Cain is wandering out on the great homeless earth, or whether it is in the patriarch's tent beneath starry skies of Mesopotamia, or amid the brick fields of the Nile, or the silent glens of stern Sinai, or during the rough chivalric days of the Judges, or in the palaces of Jerusalem, or by the waters of the captivity, whether it be when Debbora is chanting beneath her palm, or the King of Israel is singing to his harp,  or amid the allegorical actions of some wailing prophet, or the conversations of the wise men of the Stony Arabia, we are ever learning what it is to be a creature, and what it is to have a Creator."

Motives of Creation.--But why did God create the world? Once we know from whence the world came, it is but natural to ask also: "Where is it going?" In other words, what was the object of creating the world? God had a twofold purpose in creating, namely: (1) His own glory; (2) the good of His creatures.

(1) For God's Own Glory.--It is true that God is sufficient to Himself. He had no need of the world, nor anything in the world. Man loves to contemplate his handiwork and accomplishments., God was pleased to create the world from His own free will, for His own glory. The creation is, as it were, an opening living book before us in which we can study the greatness, the power, the wisdom, and the glory of God. Like a mirror, King David cries out: "The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament proclaims the works of His hands" (Ps.18:2). Hence, all irrational creatures give glory to God out of necessity; but we, as rational creatures, are asked to do so voluntarily.

(2) Good of Creatures.--The secondary aim of God's creation is the well-being, the salvation, the happiness of His creatures, rational and irrational creatures alike. For instance, rain promotes the growth of plants; plants in turn serve as food for man and beast. But, by preference, all other creatures were created to serve man in particular, either as food or clothing, for his health, his service, use, pleasure, or comfort.

God Governs and Preserves the World.--Furthermore, after God created all things, He did not leave them to shift for themselves. Otherwise everything would have long since returned back to nothingness whence all things came. "And how could anything endure if You would not!" we read in the Book of Wisdom (11:26). A little reflection convinces us of this fact. Works wrought by human hands can only endure for a time. The most strongly constructed granite building only endures for a few hundred years at best. So with the entire world. God preserves by so ordering that all things shall continue  in existence in the manner He pleases, and as long as He pleases.  God the omnipotent sustains the planets, regulates the seasons, and has endowed every creature with the powers to reproduce and perpetuate itself and its kind.

Conclusion.--"Leave, then," cries out Cardinal Newman, "the prison of your own reasoning, leave the town, the work of man, the haunt of sin; go forth my brethren, far from the tents of Cedar and the slime of Babylon: with the patriarch go forth to meditate in the field, and from the splendors of the work, imagine the unimaginable glory of the Architect. Mount some bold eminence, and look back, when the sun is high and full upon the earth, when mountains, cliffs, and sea rise before you like a brilliant pageant, with outlines noble and graceful, and tints and shadows soft, clear, and harmonious, giving depth and unity to the whole;  and then go through the forest of fruitful field, or along meadow and stream, and listen to the distant country sounds, and drink in the fragrant air which is poured around you in spring or summer; or go among the gardens, and delight your senses with the grace and splendor and the various sweetnesses of flowers you find there; then think of the almost mysterious influence upon the mind of particular scents, or the emotion which some gentle, peaceful strain excites in us, or how soul  and body are rapt and carried away captive by the concord of musical sounds, when the ear is open to their power; and then, when you have ranged through sights, and sounds, and odors, and your heart kindles, and your voice is full of praise and worship, reflect--not that they tell yo nothing of their Maker--but that they are the poorest and dimmest glimmerings of His glory, and the very refuse of His exuberant riches, and but the dusky smoke which precedes the flame, compared with Him who made them."

Yes, in the worlds of that noble Machabean mother: "I know not how you were formed in my womb; for I neither gave you breath, nor soul, nor life, neither did I frame the limbs of every one of you. But the Creator of the world, that formed the nativity of man, and that found out the origin of all . . . . Look upon heaven and earth, and all that is in them: and consider that God made them out of nothing, and mankind also" (2Mach.7:22). Amen.